Vulcan #3 Hammer: Specifications and Information

The #3 was one of the early (pre-1900) Warrington-Vulcan hammers, along with the #2 and #1.  A general arrangement is shown above; specifications are below.

Specifications Bulletin 68
Specifications, Vulcan Bulletin 68

The #3 found itself involved in some important projects, including the construction of the original Panama Canal, as evidenced by the memo below.

A memo/drawing of modifications to two (2) #3 hammers for the Panama Canal project. Vulcan was frequently loathe to make modifications to their hammers, but they did so in this case.

The #3 fell out of favour to the larger #2 and #1 hammers (the #2 eventually suffered the same fate) but in 2008 Pile Hammer Equipment brought back the #3 hammer.  They made many changes to the hammer, including increasing the ram weight to 2,100 lbs. (a little more than the Panama Canal hammers,) increasing the stroke to 3′, adding cables and other features.  The PHE/Vulcan #3 is the newest Warrington-Vulcan hammer, and also one where a Warrington was involved in the design.  You can see a general arrangement of the hammer (with specifications) below; more information and availability can be found by contacting Pile Hammer Equipment.



Vulcan 305 and 306 Hammers: Specifications and Information

No history of the Warrington-Vulcan hammers would be complete without mentioning the 305 and 306 hammers.  The primary purposes of these designations was to harmonise them with the way Vulcan had numbered its larger hammers for many years, although these hammers incorporated changes such as cables and the possibility of Vari-Cycle II.


The most important example of these hammers was the 306 built by the new Vulcan Foundation Equipment (which was owned by the Dutch company IHC) in the early 2000’s, shown below.  The 306 incorporated the long ram which was used by the later 06 hammers and the 506.

vulcan 306 7
The Vulcan 306 ready for shipment in Vulcan Foundation Equipment’s Chattanooga facility (which was down the street from the Vulcan Iron Works’ old plant.) From left to right, Doug Scaggs, Ernie Artrip and Linda Grant.

The 305 was supposed to supersede the #1, but in reality it was never built.  Nothing can supersede the #1.  The general arrangement for that hammer is below.  Specifications for both of these hammers are on the general arrangements.


Vulcan 010 Hammer: Specifications and Information

The 010 is one of Vulcan’s more popular hammers.  For many years it was the largest Warrington-Vulcan hammer in the line until the 012.  It was an upgrade from the 0R hammer, raising the ram weight from 9,300 lbs. to 10,000 lbs.  Another general arrangement of the 010 with the steam belt are shown below.


One interesting variant of the 010 is the so-called “front loader.”  An attempt to get away from the steam belt (and the manufacturing difficulties that went with it) it placed the air inlet right at the valve chest.  Although this made sense from several standpoints, it placed the inlet too close to the ram for many contractors, and so was not pursued.  Some of those hammers are shown below.

An important front loader is the 010 with cables to the bottom of the cylinder, as opposed to those to the head.  These cables had the “button” type lower fitting.  This cable configuration became the standard for the Warrington-Vulcan hammers in the 1980’s.


Specifications for the onshore 010 are shown below.

The 010 also has the distinction of being Vulcan’s smallest offshore hammer.  Originally designed for Fluor, it was never popular, as it was too small for virtually all offshore work.  Below is a general arrangement and the specifications for the 010 offshore hammer.

Like the 06, the 010 has two ram configurations: the short (steel) ram and the long (iron) ram.  The latter was also adapted to the 510. Below are two general arrangements for the 010 with the long ram and cables, which was the final configuration Vulcan produced.

Driving Speed That Makes Footage Records

Above, an ad for the Warrington-Vulcan hammer, as featured in Engineering News-Record, 1926.  Note that there are two distributors listed: one in California and the venerable Woodard Wight in New Orleans, which (with its salesman Herman Hasenkampf) went on to represent Vulcan in the Gulf during the offshore years.

Note also that Vulcan even at this date already had a “half century of experience in the design and manufacture of pile-driving equipment.”  It also touted (before the advent of diesel hammers) the advantage of “heavy ram-low velocity” which still has its advantages today.

Vulcan 0R Hammer: Specifications and Information

The Vulcan 0R hammer was the same as the #0 except that it had a heavier ram.  It was relatively short-lived, its place was taken by the 010 hammer.

Vulcan 0R hammer sporting a Vari-Cycle, an unlikely combination.

Specifications for the hammer are shown below.

Specifications Bulletin 68
Specifications, Vulcan Bulletin 68

Vulcan #0 Hammer: Specifications and Information

First produced in 1912, the #0 hammer, although not the first Warrington-Vulcan hammer, is probably, in its own way, the most pervasive in its influence on the development of Vulcan’s–and other–product line.

The main Chicago general arrangement is above: others are below:


Both the design, frame and accessory configuration of the #0 hammer were an upsize from the #1 series, and the configuration was widely applied to other hammers, such as:

  • The other Vulcan 3.25′ stroke “#0” type hammers, including the 0R, 08, 010 and 012.
  • The 5′ stroke hammers such as the 508, 510 and 512.
  • The Raymond “0” series, including the 2/0, 3/0, 4/0, 5/0 and 8/0.  Raymond made many detail changes to the design, not the least of which was a larger cylinder.  It was many years before Vulcan produced a single-acting hammer larger than the #0, and when it did it modelled them after the Super-Vulcan hammers, which made them heavier.
  • The Conmaco hammers such as the 80, 100, 125, and 125E5.

Specifications are below.

Specifications Bulletin 68
Specifications, Vulcan Bulletin 68

In the 1950’s the #0 was superseded by the 08, as specifications required a heavier ram.  The 08 became the smallest of this venerable series of hammers.

Other information:


Vulcan 06 Hammer: Specifications and Information

The 06 hammer is basically a #1 hammer with a 6,500 lb. ram.  It uses the same leaders and driving accessories.  An 06 at the Chattanooga facility is above, general arrangements of the hammer are below.



Specifications for the Vulcan 06 are below.



Vulcan 06 hammer in fixed leaders driving pipe pile in Tampa, FL. The contractor is Gulf Foundation. This photo appeared for many years on the cover of Vulcan’s onshore hammer literature. This is a cable hammer cabled in the usual way for Vulcan hammers, i.e., from just above the steam chest. The hammer is also riding in a sled or extension; this enables the contractor to maintain one size of leaders (in this case 26″) and use hammers configured for smaller leaders (for the 06 20″) in the same rig.

In the late 1970’s Vulcan made an important change to the 06.  The original 06 used a steel ram which was deeper (fore and aft) than the #1’s cast-iron ram.  The revised 06 used a taller, cast iron ram with the same depth as the #1.  This is important when ordering parts.  The taller configuration was carried over to the 5′ stroke Vulcan 506.

Below: Vulcan 06 (with the long ram) driving piles from Vulcan Foundation Equipment’s excavator mast.


Another video of the 06 on an excavator mast:

Other information:

What We Need is a Light Trailer

In 1967 Vulcan opened a fabricating facility in West Palm Beach, Florida. Across the street from our new plant was “U and Me Transfer and Storage,” (see photo above) which we hired to move a lot of our machinery. We sent one of our supervisors to Florida to help set the shop up. The shop foreman in Florida told the Tennessee man that “U and Me would move this in,” and “U and Me will deliver this tomorrow,” and so on. Finally the Tennessee man threw his hands up in exasperation and asked, “When’s You and Me going to have to time to do all this?”

The plant was formally called the “Special Products Division;” one of those special products was a light trailer, also shown above. This is useful if you want to do construction work at night; just set it up, turn on the generator, turn on the lights and work. In the U.S., with the problems of doing road construction during the day, these handy devices get a workout while crews attempt to repair or rebuild our roads at night.

560-stack-outsideBack in Chattanooga, the company’s main product line went on, which was building pile drivers, many for the offshore oil industry. These machines are most easily put together vertically; you put the base on the ground, stack the ram and the columns on top, then the cylinder, tie the hammer together, lay it down on a flat bed truck and ship it (the stacking is shown at the right.) Because the hammers got so big, we did a lot of this outside, using truck cranes.

One evening we were stacking yet another hammer for shipment. It got dark; the truck was waiting for us, there was no question of waiting until the morning. The supervisor got the light trailer out, fired it up and turned it on so the men could see what they were doing and finish up. Unfortunately the plant was in a residential area. When we turned the lights on, the residents didn’t like it, so they started shooting at the plant. Needless to say, our employees and the poor truck driver found it hard to work with bullets whizzing past them.

Most residential areas like some additional light, but there are always exceptions, and obviously this was one of them. Unfortunately many people and areas don’t like the light being shined on them–any kind of light.

“…though the Light has come into the world, men preferred the darkness to the Light, because their actions were wicked. For he who lives an evil life hates the light, and will not come to it, for fear that his actions should be exposed…” (John 3:19-20)

In a world where privacy is evaporating, people still don’t like their deeds to be known. In some cases this is due to the shifting sands of our legal systems; what is okay one day is punishable by life imprisonment the next. But much of our aversion to the light is because we know that what we are doing is wrong, legal or not. We make excuses like “I’m not a bad person,” not really understanding what that means or how it might be fixed if we are in fact a bad person. We know we are hurting others–we know we are hurting ourselves–but our main motivation is not to get caught, not to have the light shined on our deeds.

“But he who acts up to the truth comes to the light, that his actions may be shown to have been done in dependence upon God.” (John 3:21)

Our God doesn’t need to turn on his light trailer to find out what’s going on in our lives and in our selves; he has “night vision” so to speak, and he knows what we are doing even if no one else does. But he doesn’t want us to just go on in the darkness until we stumble and break our neck. “Jesus again addressed the people. ‘I am the Light of the World,’ he said. ‘He who follows me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the Light of Life.’” (John 8:12) It is his desire that we walk in his light and live in his love. Just as we used a light trailer to do our work outside the plant, so if we have Jesus Christ in our lives we can live as God’s child even under less than ideal circumstances.

For more information click here

Inverse Method for Pile Dynamics Using a Polytope Method: IFCEE 2018

This paper–which is part of the STADYN project–was presented at the IFCEE 2018 conference in Orlando, FL, 7 March 2018. The slide presentation for the paper is below.

The preprint for this paper can be found at ResearchGate.

View original post

New Version of TAMWAVE Online Wave Equation Program Now Available

The completely revised TAMWAVE program is now available.  The goal of this project is to produce a free, online set of routines which analyse driven piles for axial and lateral load-deflection characteristics and drivability by the wave equation. The program is not intended for commercial use but for educational purposes, to introduce students to both the wave equation and methods for estimating load-deflection characteristics of piles in both axial and lateral loading.

We have a series of posts which detail the theory behind and workings of the program:

View original post 25 more words